Guide to Treat Parasitic Worms in Dogs

Parasites are a common health problem that can affect dogs of all ages and breeds. If worms in dogs are not treated promptly, serious health problems may occur. There are five main types of worms that usually affect domestic dogs: roundworms, tapeworms, hookworms, whipworms and heartworms. Before treating your dog for worms, make sure you recognise the warning signs that your dog may be infected and familiarise yourself with the various types of intestinal parasites. The type of treatment you use will depend on the type of parasite that has infected your dog.

What is the Symptom If the Dogs Have Worms?

  • Worms or worm fragments can be seen in dog faeces, vomit, fur or bedding, and depending on the type of worm they may look different.

Here are pictures of five common types of worms

  • Weight loss in dogs, as worms absorb the nutrients that dogs need to thrive.
  • Increased or reduced appetite
  • A swollen abdomen, giving the dog the appearance of a large belly.
  • Diarrhoea or vomiting
  • Dull coat and overall poor condition

Even if you don’t see any of the above symptoms, your dog may still have worms. Discuss what you are seeing with your vet and perform a faecal float test to look for the presence of worms.

Which Worm Treatment Should I Use?

Anthelmintic and boticide for dogs are the most common and effective method to treat parasitic worms in dogs. These medications are available in various forms, including tablets, chewable treats, and topical solutions. It is important to consult your veterinarian to determine the appropriate medication and dosage for your dog based on their size, age, and overall health.

  • Sulfadiazine is effective against coccidia and toxoplasma.
  • Dogs with tapeworms should be treated with praziquantel (available over the counter or from your vet).
  • Hookworms and whipworms are intestinal parasites that can cause anemia, weight loss, and gastrointestinal issues in dogs.
  • Whipworm infections can be treated with albendazole for dogs provided by your veterinarian. This anthelmintic can also be used to treat roundworms, hookworms, whipworms and a type of tapeworm.
  • Tapeworms are commonly transmitted to dogs through fleas or by ingesting infected animals such as rodents. Treatment usually involves deworming medications that target tapeworms. Flea control is also essential, as preventing flea infestation helps reduce the risk of tapeworm infection. Treatment of fleas with praziquantel or fipronil.

How to Help Prevent Parasites in Dogs?

Preventing parasitic worm infestations is better than dealing with them after they occur. Here are some preventive measures you can take:

  1. a) Maintain a clean living environment for your dog by regularly removing feces from the yard or litter box.
  2. b) Practice good hygiene and wash your hands thoroughly after handling your dog or cleaning up waste.
  3. c) Keep your dog away from potentially contaminated environments, such as areas with high concentrations of other dogs’ feces.
  4. d) Administer preventive flea and tick treatments regularly to reduce the risk of parasitic infections.
  5. e) Follow a regular deworming schedule recommended by your veterinarian, especially for puppies.


Treating parasitic worms in dogs requires a combination of regular veterinary check-ups, appropriate deworming medications, and preventive measures. By being proactive in preventing parasitic infestations and promptly treating them when detected, you can help safeguard your dog’s health and well-being. Remember to consult your veterinarian for guidance on the most suitable treatment plan for your furry friend. With proper care and attention, you can keep your dog free from parasitic worms, ensuring a happy and healthy life for your beloved canine companion.